A study taken in 2011, accounting for the design criteria authored in design wineries, has found:
- a greater tendency in Europe for wineries with two floors.
- a greater variation in aging areas, with especially a number of wineries with aging areas dug out underground, as opposed to none in the rest of the world.
These two points point how in Europe, the use of natural and mixed hygrothermic conditioning is greater than in the rest of the world. It seems that in Europe, concrete is the most popular material for the facade covering, whereas stone and metal panels are more common elsewhere in the world.